Anti Aging & Functional Medicine

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Thyroid Hormone Treatment Raleigh, NC

The thyroid gland, positioned just below the “Adams Apple,” serves as a crucial regulator of bodily functions and metabolism by producing thyroid hormones T3 (triiodothyronine, the active hormone) and T4 (thyroxine, the inactive hormone). These hormones play pivotal roles in regulating metabolism, libido, mood, heart rate, digestion, energy, stamina, and many other bodily functions. Dr. Arthur Zacco, with expertise and thoroughness, conducts comprehensive evaluations of thyroid function, encompassing the assessment of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, thyroid hormones, thyroid antibodies, and nutrients specific to thyroid function, such as iodine, selenium, and many others. 

Symptoms of Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid disorders present a spectrum of symptoms, contingent upon whether the thyroid is hyperactive (hyperthyroidism) or hypoactive (hypothyroidism). Here are typical symptoms associated with each condition:



  • Rapid weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability or Anxiety
  • Nervousness or Restlessness
  • Muscle Weakness or Tremors
  • Heat Intolerance or Excessive Sweating
  • Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea
  • Enlarged Thyroid Gland (goiter)
  • Hair Loss


  • Fatigue, Lethargy, Poor Motivation
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  • Cold Intolerance
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Constipation
  • Muscle weakness or cramps
  • Depression or mood swings
  • Memory problems or difficulty concentrating
  • Menstrual irregularities or heavy periods
  • Hoarse voice
  • Puffy face or swollen eyes

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis:

  • Symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance
  • Painless swelling of the thyroid gland (goiter)
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Symptoms of autoimmune disorders, such as joint pain, joint stiffness, muscle weakness, skin rashes

It’s important to note that the symptoms of thyroid disorders can vary widely among individuals. Some may experience symptoms that overlap between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, depending on the stage and severity of their condition. Additionally, symptoms of thyroid disorders may be subtle or nonspecific, making diagnosis challenging without proper evaluation by a physician.

If you suspect a thyroid issue based on these symptoms, seek guidance from an anti-aging physician to thoroughly evaluate and optimize thyroid hormone and nutrient levels.

Importance of Iodine and Your Thyroid

Ensuring the optimal function of the thyroid gland requires adequate levels of iodine and other essential nutrients. Unfortunately, routine assessments often overlook these critical factors. The historical significance of iodine deficiency underscores its importance in thyroid health. In response to widespread deficiency-related conditions such as cretinism (congenital hypothyroidism) and adult hypothyroidism, salt iodization began in the United States in 1924. However, contemporary dietary recommendations sometimes advocate for reduced salt intake, potentially exacerbating iodine insufficiency. Thus, the persistent challenge of maintaining adequate iodine levels underscores the importance of vigilant monitoring and proactive measures to support optimal thyroid function. Intake of some substances can result in poor thyroid function, such as Bromine (found in bread), Fluorine (found in toothpaste), and Chlorine (found in tap water). If this occurs, you will have all the symptoms of Hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone), but your lab work will appear normal with a normal TSH. This is because the amount of thyroid hormone will be normal (normal TSH), but the thyroid hormones (T3 & T4) will not function properly.  This is because the substituted elements Bromine, Fluorine, and Chlorine make the thyroid hormone not function as efficiently. Thus, the patient will have symptoms of hypothyroidism with normal TSH, T3, & T4. 


The Link Between Thyroid Hormone Function and Leaky Guy Syndrome

At Anti Aging & Functional Medicine, we prioritize a comprehensive approach to health, recognizing the interconnectedness between various bodily systems. Our evaluations assess thyroid hormone levels and prioritize examining essential nutrients crucial for optimal thyroid function. Moreover, we delve deeper into individuals with thyroid antibodies to ensure that gastrointestinal (GI) health is optimized, especially in cases where Leaky Gut Syndrome may be present.

When patients present with thyroid antibodies that may compromise thyroid function, we recognize the potential link between these antibodies and gut health. Antibodies directed against the Thyroid often originate in the gut, particularly in individuals with Leaky Gut Syndrome. Therefore, we prioritize optimizing gut health as part of our holistic approach to thyroid care. 

At Anti Aging & Functional Medicine, we offer comprehensive nutritional assessments. We evaluate at least 38 nutrients to assess nutritional status and determine appropriate supplementation. By addressing thyroid function and gut health, we strive to provide personalized and integrative care that addresses the underlying factors contributing to health issues and fosters overall well-being.

The Benefits of Optimizing Thyroid Hormone Levels

Have you ever found yourself constantly fatigued, struggling to focus, or grappling with unexplained weight fluctuations? If so, your thyroid hormone function may be a contributing factor. Nestled just below the Adams Apple lies a powerful gland responsible for producing these essential hormones – T3 and T4.

What makes these hormones indispensable? They act as metabolic superheroes, tirelessly regulating metabolism and ensuring the smooth functioning of vital processes within your body. When this process malfunctions, the effects can be devastating if not treated properly. 

At Anti Aging & Functional Medicine, we believe in leaving no stone unturned regarding your health. Dr. Arthur Zacco, with his extensive expertise, will delve deep into evaluating your unique thyroid gland function, meticulously assessing thyroid antibodies, specific nutrients, and hormone levels.

Why is this evaluation crucial? Sub-optimal thyroid function can lead to a myriad of frustrating symptoms that significantly impact daily life. Imagine feeling revitalized with more energy or rediscovering your zest for life, free from fatigue or diminished motivation.

To uncover potential issues with your thyroid hormone functionality, Dr. Arthur Zacco conducts a comprehensive evaluation, examining hormone levels and essential supporting nutrients. This holistic approach can be very helpful.

It’s remarkable how something as small as a butterfly-shaped organ can profoundly influence our well-being. By unraveling the intricacies of your body’s tapestry, we aim to empower you with knowledge and guide you toward practical solutions.

Restore Balance and Enhance Well-Being with Comprehensive Thyroid Therapy in Raleigh, NC

The thyroid gland, nestled just below the Adam’s Apple, plays a pivotal role in maintaining our body’s delicate balance. Responsible for synthesizing thyroid hormones T3 and T4, it orchestrates an intricate symphony regulating metabolism and essential processes. In both physical and cognitive domains, these hormones function as metabolic conductors, intricately regulating bodily functions to foster growth and development.

Symptoms such as fatigue, weight fluctuations, and mood imbalances may indicate a thyroid imbalance that Dr. Arthur Zacco, Anti Aging & Functional Medicine in Raleigh, NC, is ready to address expertly. Our comprehensive approach goes beyond standard thyroid hormone evaluations, encompassing an in-depth assessment of thyroid antibodies and essential supporting nutrients. We understand the critical importance of a properly functioning thyroid, considering often overlooked factors like iodine levels and gut health.

Don’t wait any longer if you’ve been experiencing symptoms related to thyroid dysfunction. Contact Dr. Arthur Zacco for a thorough evaluation and a personalized treatment plan designed to target the root cause of your thyroid issues. Our holistic and innovative thyroid therapy solutions are aimed at restoring balance to thyroid hormone levels and optimizing your overall wellness.

Q&A: Understanding Thyroid Function

Thyroid Stimulating hormone (TSH) is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland in the brain. It stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and release thyroid hormones, T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine), which regulate metabolism and other bodily functions.

You can support thyroid health naturally by ensuring an adequate intake of iodine, selenium, zinc, and other essential nutrients. Adopting a balanced diet, managing stress levels, getting regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can help optimize thyroid hormone levels. Also decrease the intake of Bromine (found in bread), Fluorine (found in toothpaste), and Chlorine (found in tap water).

Thyroid hormones play a crucial role in regulating metabolism, energy production, body temperature, heart rate, digestion, muscle function, and mood. They are essential for the proper functioning of virtually every cell in the body.

The thyroid gland produces two primary hormones: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones are synthesized from iodine and tyrosine and play key roles in regulating metabolism and various bodily functions. The T3 hormone contains three molecules of iodine, and the T4 hormone contains four molecules of Iodine.

Triiodothyronine (T3) is the primary thyroid hormone responsible for regulating the rate of metabolism. It plays a central role in determining how efficiently the body uses energy from food and how quickly it burns calories.

The primary function of thyroid hormone is to regulate metabolism, which is the process by which the body converts food into energy. Thyroid hormones also play important roles in growth and development, brain function, cardiovascular health, reproductive health, and maintaining the body’s overall balance (homeostasis).